Watch | Mangalyaan: 7 years in orbit

By The Hindu Net Desk
 

Mangalyaan, India's Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft has completed seven earth years in its orbit in 2021.

According to ISRO officials, the spacecraft has successfuly covered three Martian years.

It was originally made to last just six months, but has enough punch left for more than a decade in the Martian orbit.

Also read: Envisaged for a year, Chandrayaan-2 orbiter likely to last for 7 years

Mangalyaan, ISRO's maiden interplanetary mission, was launched from the Sriharikota spaceport on November 5, 2013.

The orbiter got inserted into Martian orbit on September 24, 2014 in its first attempt, making India the first Asian country to have successfully launched its Mars orbiter mission and also the first country to have entered the Martian orbit in its first attempt.

ISRO’s landmark rocket launches 

Before India, the U.S., Russia and the EU have succeeded in sending spacecrafts to Mars which is regarded as the most complex space mission.

The indigenously made Mangalyaan, is the only artificial satellite that could image the full disc of Mars in one view frame, and also image, the far side of Deimos, the outer and smaller of Mars’s two moons.

The Mars mission helped India’s space agency prepare a Martian Atlas based on the images provided by the orbiter.

The Mars orbiter has sent thousands of pictures of the red planet back to Earth.

Also read: India’s Mars mission Mangalyaan completes five years

An important conclusion of the mission has been the finding that dust storms on the Martian can rise up to hundreds of kilometres.

Built at a cost of Rs. 4.5 billion, Mangalyaan is hailed for being much cheaper than NASA’s Maven Orbiter, which was similar to India’s Mars mission.

Also read: NASA exchanges data of its Mars mission with India, China, UAE & European Space Agency


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