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Taking painkillers in pregnancy more likely to lead to complications – study

By Lauren Gilmour
PA Archive

Pregnant women who use painkillers throughout their pregnancies are one-and-a-half times more likely to have complications compared to those who do not, a study has found.

Researchers from the University of Aberdeen found there were higher instances of preterm birth, still birth, neonatal death and physical defects among women who regularly took over the counter pain relief such as paracetamol and ibuprofen.

Around 30-80% of women globally take painkillers to relieve common pregnancy symptoms, flu, fever and rheumatological conditions. However, researchers say current advice on which medicines are safe for pregnant women is conflicting.

More than 151,000 pregnancies were analysed over a 30-year period and looked at medical notes for those who had taken five common painkillers: paracetamol, ibuprofen, aspirin, diclofenac and naproxen.

Pregnant women should always consult their doctor or midwife before taking any over the counter drugs

Aikaterini Zafeiri, University of Aberdeen

The figures showed the number of women taking painkillers throughout their pregnancies doubled from 2008-2015.

While regulators have said paracetamol is safe for pregnant women to take, they have warned about taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and aspirin after week 30 of pregnancy.

Aikaterini Zafeiri, from the University of Aberdeen, said expectant mothers should always seek medical advice before taking over the counter medicines.

She said: “In light of the study findings, the ease of access to non-prescription painkillers, in combination with availability of misinformation as well as correct information through the internet, raises safety concerns.

“This is especially when misinformed or partially-informed self-medication decisions are taken during pregnancy without medical advice.

“It should be reinforced that paracetamol in combination with NSAIDs is associated with a higher risk and pregnant women should always consult their doctor or midwife before taking any over the counter drugs.

“We would encourage a strong reinforcement of the official advice for pregnant women.”

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Dive Deeper:
Expert warning over danger of paracetamol and ibuprofen in pregnancy
Women who take over the counter painkillers are more likely to experience four serious complications
Ibuprofen warning as short-term use 'may actually make pain worse'
A new study says taking ibuprofen could lead to long-term problems.
Anti-inflammatory drugs could increase chronic pain risk, study suggests
Normal recovery from a painful injury involves inflammation, which new research indicates may have a protective effect.
Taking Ibuprofen to treat bad back 'could prolong pain', new study finds
Lower back pain is the most commonly reported form of chronic pain and results in massive economic and medical costs…
One subscription that gives you access to news from hundreds of sites
Lack of drugs for use in pregnancy ‘resulting in needless deaths’ in UK
Experts call for urgent investment and effort to transform pregnant women’s access to modern medicine
Mixing Ibuprofen and blood pressure pills could damage kidneys as warning issued
Ibuprofen is used to treat mild pains, but it can caused serious kidney damage when mixed with other medications, new…
Get all your news in one place