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Sweden to seek NATO membership as ruling party drops 73-year opposition

By Niklas Pollard and Simon Johnson
Sweden's Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson holds a news conference following a meeting at the ruling Social Democrats' headquarters on the party's decision on NATO membership, in Stockholm, Sweden, May 15, 2022. TT News Agency/Fredrik Persson via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. SWEDEN OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN SWEDEN.

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson will seek broad support for an application to join NATO on Monday, she announced on Sunday after her party dropped its long-standing opposition to membership in the wake of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

Joining NATO was a distant prospect just months ago, but Russia's attack on its neighbour has prompted both Sweden and Finland to rethink their security needs and seek safety in the military alliance they stood apart from during the Cold War.

Sweden's Defence Minister Peter Hultqvist and Foreign Minister Ann Linde attend a news conference following a meeting at the ruling Social Democrats' headquarters on the party's decision on NATO membership, in Stockholm, Sweden, May 15, 2022. TT News Agency/Fredrik Persson via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. SWEDEN OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN SWEDEN.

The war in Ukraine, which Moscow calls a special military operation but which has already killed thousands and displaced millions, shattered long-standing security policies and fuelled a wave of public support for NATO membership in both countries.

Following internal debates over the past week among the leadership of the Social Democrats, the biggest party in every election for the past century, Andersson said NATO entry was "the best thing for the security of Sweden and the Swedish people".

"Non-alignment has served us well, but our conclusion is that it will not serve us as well in the future," she said.

Supporters of joining the alliance will now command a broad majority in Sweden's Riksdag with much of the opposition already in favour, and a formal application by Andersson's minority government will follow.

In Finland, President Sauli Niinisto confirmed the country's intentions to apply on Sunday, saying the region would benefit.

"We get security and we also extend it through the Baltic sea region and the entire alliance," he told reporters gathered in the presidential palace in Helsinki.

At peace since the days of the Napoleonic wars, Sweden has been more reluctant to cast aside its non-alignment than Finland, which fought the Soviet Union in the 20th century.

Popular support for entry jumped to more than 60% in Sweden from about 40% before the war.

"I didn't think it was necessary before but now it feels better to have countries that would come to our defence," said pastry shop worker Cecilia Wikstrom, 32.

TENSE WAIT

A membership application will herald a tense wait during the months it takes to be ratified by all NATO members - Turkey has already voiced its objections, though the alliance and the White House have said they were confident any security concerns could be addressed in the interim. [nL2N2X70BZ]

Britain's Foreign Secretary Liz Truss on Sunday urged NATO allies to move fast to integrate new members.

Finland's Niinisto expressed his readiness on Sunday to hold talks with his Turkish counterpart Tayyip Erdogan over his concerns. As a NATO member, Turkey can veto new members.

Both countries are already NATO partners, having taken part in allied exercises for years, and cast off strict neutrality on joining the European Union together in 1995. But they have until now reasoned peace was best kept by not publicly choosing sides.

Andersson cautioned on Sunday that the country would be "vulnerable" during the application process, before it is covered by the alliance's collective defence clause. She did not specify what sort of threats were a cause of concern.

Russia has warned Sweden and Finland of "serious consequences" and that it could deploy nuclear weapons and hypersonic missiles in the European exclave of Kaliningrad if Sweden and Finland become NATO members.

The decision to slot in under the NATO umbrella would represent a setback for Moscow, with the war in Ukraine triggering the very kind of enlargement of the alliance on Russia's borders that Moscow says it took up arms to prevent.

In the wake of Finland's leaders announcing their determination to join, the Kremlin said it represented a hostile move that threatened Russia, warning vaguely of "retaliatory steps, both of a military-technical and other nature".

Sweden has been rebuilding its military over the last decade, particularly since Russia's annexation of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014, buying U.S.-made Patriot air defence missile systems and basing troops on the Baltic island of Gotland.

A cross-party parliamentary review on Friday said joining NATO would boost Sweden's national security and help stabilise the Nordic and Baltic regions.

(Reporting by Niklas Pollard, Simon Johnson and Johan AhlanderEditing by Frank Jack Daniel, David Clarke, Peter Graff)

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Dive Deeper:
Sweden to follow Finland in applying to join Nato after governing party drops opposition
‘Historic’ move announced hours after neighbour Finland said it intends to apply to join bloc
NATO expects Turkey not to hold up Finland, Sweden membership
NATO and the United States said on Sunday they were confident Turkey would not hold up membership of Finland and…
Finland announces ‘historic’ NATO bid, and Sweden follows
Finland and Sweden reversed long-standing opposition to NATO membership after war in Ukraine led to huge public support.
Finland, Sweden Inch Closer to Seeking NATO Membership
Finland's government declared a "new era" is underway as it inches closer to seeking NATO membership, hours before Sweden's governing…
One subscription that gives you access to news from hundreds of sites
Sweden, Finland take 'historic' steps toward NATO membership
Helsinki (AFP) - Finland officially announced its intention to join NATO on Sunday as Sweden's ruling party said it backed…
Swedish bid to join NATO gathers momentum, with governing party backing membership
Sweden's Prime Minister says Russia only has itself to blame to more countries wanting to join the military alliance, saying:…
Get all your news in one place