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Daily Mirror

Stroke warning: Time you eat your evening meal could increase risk, claims study

There are many lifestyle factors that increase the risk of having a stroke, but did you know the time you eat your evening meal could be one of them?

A recent study, published in the journal Nutrients, has examined the associations between supper timing and risks of mortality from stroke, coronary heart disease, and total cardiovascular diseases.

Participants were categorised into three groups: the early supper group (before 8pm), the irregular supper group (time irregular), and the late supper group (after 8pm).

Those who consumed their evening meal at irregular times had an increased risk of haemorrhagic stroke mortality - which occurs when a blood vessel inside the skull bursts and bleeds into and around the brain.

No significant association was found between supper timing and the risk of mortality from other types of stroke, such as an ischaemic stroke. There was also no evidence to suggest a link between meal timing and coronary heart disease or cardiovascular diseases risk.

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Irregular supper timing can increase the risk of a haemorrhagic stroke (Getty Images)

A total of 28,625 males and 43,213 females, aged 40 to 79 years, free from CVD and cancers at baseline were involved in this study.

The researchers wrote: "We found that adopting an irregular supper timing compared with having dinner before 8:00 pm was associated with an increased risk of haemorrhagic stroke mortality."

"To the best of our knowledge, our study is the first to investigate the association between supper timing and the risk of cardiovascular mortality.

"In this large population-based prospective cohort study, after adjusting for CVD risk factors, irregular supper timing was associated with an increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke mortality compared with early supper consumers."

They added that they found positive associations between irregular supper timing and the risk of total stroke, haemorrhagic stroke, and total CVD mortality among subjects with a body mass index (BMI) of 23-24.9.

The most widely used method to check if you're a healthy weight is BMI. According to the NHS, for most adults, a BMI of:

  • 18.5 to 24.9 means you're a healthy weight

  • 25 to 29.9 means you're overweight.

Other stroke risk factors

According to the NHS, the main cause of haemorrhagic stroke is high blood pressure, which can weaken the arteries in the brain and make them more likely to split or rupture.

Things that increase the risk of high blood pressure include:

  • Being overweight

  • Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol

  • Smoking

  • A lack of exercise

  • Stress.

The NHS adds: "Haemorrhagic strokes can also be caused by the rupture of a balloon-like expansion of a blood vessel (brain aneurysm) or abnormally formed blood vessels in the brain."