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Somalia's new president to be elected by parliament behind barricades

By Abdi Sheikh
FILE PHOTO: Election banners of Somali presidential candidates are seen along a street in Mogadishu, Somalia. May 12, 2022. REUTERS/Feisal Omar

Hundreds of Somali parliamentarians will meet on Sunday in a heavily-fortified airport hangar to choose a new president in a vote needed to ensure the impoverished and conflict-riven nation keeps receiving foreign financial aid.

The vote has been delayed over-and-over due to squabbling within government but must be held this month for a $400 million International Monetary Fund (IMF) programme to stay on track.

FILE PHOTO: Somalia's President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed addresses delegates at the Somali election negotiation in Mogadishu, Somalia May 27, 2021 REUTERS/Feisal Omar

It takes place during the Horn of Africa nation's worst drought in four decades and against a depressingly familiar background of violence due to a war by Islamist rebels, in-fighting among security forces and clan rivalries.

On Wednesday, a suicide bomb claimed by al Shabaab militants injured seven people during political rallies near the hangar where parliamentarians will gather. On Friday, fighters from a Sufi Muslim group battled government forces for the capital of Galmudug state.

Incumbent President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed - known as "Farmaajo" for his reputed love of Italian cheese - seems unlikely to win re-election after losing support in last month's parliamentary vote, analysts said.

POPULAR VOTE IMPOSSIBLE

That leaves two ex-presidents among front-runners: Sharif Sheikh Ahmed (2009-2012) and Hassan Sheikh Mohamud (2012-2017).

The head of the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, Said Abdulahi Deni, also has a good chance, analysts say.

The 36 candidates only include one woman, former foreign minister Fawzia Yusuf Adam. Some 329 parliamentarians from both houses are eligible to vote.

African Union peacekeepers will guard the site during an expected two or three rounds of voting which, many Somalis say, is traditionally more influenced by bribery than policies.

Ahmed, a former Islamist, took over as president of a Western-backed transitional government in 2009, establishing the national army and helping push al Shabaab out of Mogadishu.

The other former president, Mohamud, was a peace activist and academic. Both were accused of failing to stem corruption.

Despite being cracked by civil war since 1991, Somalia has held relatively peaceful changes of leadership every four years since 2000, though the latest one has been delayed since 2021.

The widespread insecurity means a popular vote remains impossible to hold for Somalia's roughly 15 million people.

(Reporting by Abdi Sheikh; Writing by Andrew Cawthorne; Editing by Andrew Heavens)

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Dive Deeper:
Behind blast walls, Somali parliament to choose new president
Two former presidents will face off against the incumbent in Somalia's long-delayed presidential vote on Sunday behind blast walls to…
Old faces compete for presidency of turbulent Somalia
Thirty-six aspirants are competing in Somalia's long-delayed presidential election on Sunday, to be decided by parliament in a heavily-guarded airport…
Somalia lawmakers elect Hassan Sheik Mohamud for second term as president
Mogadishu (AFP) - Somalia handed Hassan Sheikh Mohamud the presidency for a second time following Sunday's long-overdue election in the…
Somalia's foreign partners hail peaceful election of new president
Mogadishu (AFP) - Somalia's international partners on Monday welcomed the election of President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, who takes office after…
One subscription that gives you access to news from hundreds of sites
Somali police announce curfew in capital during Sunday's presidential vote
Police in Somalia have announced a 33-hour curfew on the capital Mogadishu that will keep almost all residents at home…
A sense of history and urgency as Somalia moves to elect a new president
Somali lawmakers vote for the country’s new president on May 15, marking the end of a long-delayed and controversial process.…
Get all your news in one place