NEW DELHI: As the race for 5G spectrum auction heats up, billionaire Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Jio has made a Rs 14,000-crore earnest money deposit while rival Adani group made a modest Rs 100 crore deposit.
Earnest money deposit is reflective of the quantity of airwaves a company can bid for in the auction.
While the earnest money deposit suggests that Jio, the nation's largest telecom company by subscribers, may be bidding very aggressively in the upcoming auctions, Adani Group may be looking to buy the bare minimum spectrum needed to set up a private network.
The earnest money deposits of all the four applicants seeking 5G radiowaves add up to Rs 21,800 crore, a level substantially higher than Rs 13,475 crore deposited in the 2021 auction when three players were in the race.
A total 72 GHz (gigahertz) of spectrum worth at least Rs 4.3 lakh crore will be put on the block during the auction, scheduled to begin on July 26.
According to information released by the telecom department on Monday as part of the list of pre-qualified bidders, Reliance Jio has submitted an earnest money deposit (EMD) of Rs 14,000 crore, the highest amongst the four players in fray for spectrum bidding.
The EMD amount of Adani Data Networks stands at Rs 100 crore, indicating a muted and limited spectrum demand from its side.
Earlier this month, billionaire Gautam Adani's group confirmed it is in the race to acquire spectrum, which it said will be used to create a private network to support its businesses from airports to power as well as data centres.
Adani Group had made it clear that its intention is not to be in the consumer mobility space.
As per the DoT's website, Sunil Mittal-led Bharti Airtel has put in Rs 5,500 crore as EMD, while for Vodafone Idea the amount stands at Rs 2,200 crore.
Typically, EMD amounts give an indication of players' appetite, strategy and plan for picking up spectrum in an auction. It also determines the eligibility points, through which telcos target specific amounts of spectrum in various circles.
Market watchers say that a telco has the ability to go after radiowaves worth up to 7-8 times the EMD amounts submitted by them, although players do tend to keep headroom for manoeuvring and flexibility, based on how auction proceeds and the strategy adopted by rivals.
An industry expert who did not wish to be named estimated that based on EMD, Jio can place bids worth Rs 1.27 lakh crore, Bharti Airtel Rs 48,000 crore, VIL Rs 20,000 crore and Adani Data about Rs 700 crore.
With its EMD at Rs 14,000 crore, the eligibility points assigned to Jio for the auction stand at 1,59,830, the highest in the list of four bidders, according to details put out by DoT.
The eligibility points allocated to Airtel are 66,330, while that of Vodafone Idea are 29,370.
Adani Data Networks received eligibility points of 1,650, based on its deposit. Promoter Adani Enterprises' net worth has been taken into consideration, while computing the eligibility of Adani Data Networks, resulting in total net worth of Rs 4,979 crore.
The net worth of Reliance Jio Infocomm, a subsidiary of Jio Platforms Ltd - the unit that holds the digital assets of Reliance - stood at Rs 1,97,790 crore.
Vodafone Idea has a negative net worth of Rs 80,918 crore, while the paid-up capital is at Rs 32,119 crore.
Bharti Airtel's net worth stood at Rs 75,886.8 crore.
The auction will be held for spectrum in various low (600 MHz, 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz), mid (3300 MHz) and high (26 GHz) frequency bands.
While the 5G spectrum in nine frequency bands will be auctioned, the Notice Inviting Applications -- the bid-related document issued by the Telecom Department -- has said tech firms will be allowed to take the 5G spectrum for their captive non-public network on lease from the telecom companies.
The bid document said direct allocation of spectrum to tech companies will follow a demand study and sector regulator's recommendation on aspects such as pricing and modalities of such allocation.
In the previous auction held in early 2021, Reliance Jio Infocomm had deposited earnest money amount of Rs 10,000 crore while Bharti Airtel and Vodafone Idea deposited Rs 3,000 crore and Rs 475 crore, respectively.
In the auction conducted last year, Reliance Jio picked up spectrum worth Rs 57,122.65 crore, Bharti Airtel bid about Rs 18,699 crore, and Vodafone Idea bought spectrum worth Rs 1,993.40 crore.