German leaders host Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan for talks Friday, in a highly controversial visit made more explosive by the Erdogan's branding of Israel as a "terror state".
Erdogan has been increasingly critical of Israel's war against Gaza-rulers Hamas, triggered after the Islamist gunmen's deadly attack on October 7 that Israel said killed around 1,200 people, mostly civilians.
While Chancellor Olaf Scholz travelled to Israel to offer Germany's unconditional and unwavering support after the Hamas attack, Erdogan has doubled down on his defence of the Islamists as "liberators" fighting for their land.
The Turkish leader has accused Israel of committing war crimes with its bombardment and ground incursion in Gaza, where the death toll has mounted past 11,000, according to Hamas-run health authorities in the territory.
They have opposing views on Israel's war with Hamas and conflicting attitudes to Moscow since the invasion of Ukraine, but when Germany and Turkey's leaders meet in Berlin on Friday they have powerful economic and electoral incentives to talk https://t.co/Bqwp6uFS6f— Reuters (@Reuters) November 17, 2023
Erdogan's stance has sparked questions in Germany about the wisdom of hosting the Turkish leader at this time, with the opposition conservatives and even the liberal FDP, a member of Scholz's coalition, urging Scholz to scrap the invitation.
But the centre-left-led government said it was all the more important to keep talking in the toughest of times.
"We have always had difficult partners whom we have to deal with," said Scholz's spokesman Steffen Hebestreit, acknowledging that it is a visit "that will be challenging given the current circumstances".
"But it's not just about telling each other what we think, it's about moving forward on numerous issues... and for that, we need these talks."
Characterised as an "uncomfortable partner" by Scholz's spokesman, Erdogan will be making his first visit to Germany since 2020, when he attended a conference on Libya in Berlin.
Scholz gave a hint of the tone at the upcoming talks as he slapped down a recent "fascism" accusation against Israel by Erdogan as "absurd".
Yet the Turkish leader ramped up his verbal attacks against Israel this week, calling it a "terror state" and alleging the West was "trying to exonerate the murderers".
Ties between the two countries have always been uneasy, with Berlin casting a wary eye on Erdogan's clampdown on domestic dissent while recognising that getting regional power Turkey onside was necessary to tackle thorny issues.
From mediating to get grain shipments out of Ukraine amid Russia's war to negotiating a key deal on alleviating the 2015-2016 migrant influx in Europe, the NATO member has proved to be a crucial player.
Germany is also home to the biggest Turkish community abroad, and a majority of the Turkish nationals in the country are supporters of Erdogan, including former German international footballer Mesut Ozil.
But Erdogan's strident criticism of Israel sets him awkwardly against Germany, which has made the existence of Israel unconditional given its responsibilities over the Holocaust.
Josef Schuster, president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, said Erdogan did not deserve to be trusted.
"Anyone who not only denies Israel's right to exist but also actively fights against it should not a be a partner for German politicians," he told newspaper group RND.
When Scholz hosts the Turkish president for dinner, the chancellor "must use the occasion to make clear to Erdogan that his relativisation of Hamas terror cannot be accepted under any circumstances," said Schuster.
Calling Erdogan's accusations against Israel "completely unacceptable", Michael Roth, who heads the parliamentary committee on foreign affairs, also said the Turkish leader "not only puts a strain on the relations between Germany and Turkey, but above all he is a burden for his own country".
Yet Roth, who like Scholz is a Social Democrat, said he was nevertheless in favour of the visit, which will also include a meeting between with President Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Erdogan sits down for dinner with the chancellor.
The discussions must be with "little fuss and little gloss but a lot of plain language," said Roth.