California Requires Ethnic Studies For High School Students

By Kimberlee Speakman, Forbes Staff


California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed a bill into law Friday that requires high school students to complete an ethnic studies course in order to graduate following widespread protests over George Floyd’s death at the hand of police last year, which cast a light on racial injustices throughout the nation.

OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA - OCTOBER 08: California Gov. Gavin Newsom speaks during a news conference at Kingston 11 Cuisine on October 08, 2021 in Oakland, California. California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed a COVID-19 recovery package, Senate Bill 314, that will allow restaurants and bars to keep parklets and give them a one-year grace period to apply for permanent expansion. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images) Getty Images

Key Facts

Beginning in the 2025-2026 school year, high schools are required to offer students at least a one-semester course in ethnic studies, and school districts will have the freedom to develop their own curriculum.

High school students graduating in the 2029-2030 school year or after will need to have completed the ethnic studies requirement in order to receive a diploma.


In his announcement, Newsom cited a Stanford University study in September that found adding an ethnic studies course to a school’s curriculum could potentially “improve educational outcomes” and “boost academic engagement” for students, especially those who come from low-income households or students of color.

Key Background

California’s Board of Education approved ethnic studies guidelines in March to help high schools develop classes geared toward telling the “often-untold struggles and contributions” of minority groups like Native Americans, African Americans, Latino Americans and Asian Americans in the state. The state worked for four years prior to the vote to develop the program, which had gone through multiple drafts due to early criticism from some groups that it was too biased. Newsom made it a requirement for California State University students to take an ethnic studies course in order to graduate, but vetoed a similar bill to require an ethnic studies course for high school students last year. Newsom said he wouldn’t require the ethnic studies program until it was “balanced and inclusive.” In 2017, Oregon became the first state in the country to require ethnic studies, with a 2026 deadline for schools to implement a curriculum for students in Kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2022, Connecticut high schools will be required to offer Black and Latino studies classes, but as electives.

Further Reading

How California’s Ethnic Studies Model Curriculum Got It Wrong (Forbes)

Ethnic studies is finally approved for California schools (Forbes)

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