Accused of 'elaborate fraud', Wirecard files for insolvency

By Hui Min NEO
Wirecard was once held up as an example of an innovative, nimble company outsmarting lumbering banking giants at their own game. ©AFP

Berlin (AFP) - Auditors EY said Thursday they saw "clear indications" of fraud on global scale at German payments provider Wirecard, which filed for insolvency after admitting that 1.9 billion euros ($2.1 billion) were missing from its accounts.

Wirecard's former CEO Markus Braun has already been detained on suspicion of falsifying accounts before being released on bail, in what is fast becoming one of Germany's biggest financial scandals.

"There are clear indications that this was an elaborate and sophisticated fraud involving multiple parties around the world in different institutions with a deliberate aim of deception," audit group EY said, adding it had been given false statements when it was poring through the firm's 2019 accounts.

The damning assessment came hours after Wirecard said it was filing for administration. 

Wirecard said it had opened bankruptcy proceedings with a district court in Munich "due to impending insolvency and over-indebtedness".

Trading in the group's shares was temporarily halted by the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, but when it resumed the stocks collapsed, reaching 3.70 euros at 1450 GMT.Just over a week ago, it stood at around 100 euros.

From vice to DAX

Founded in 1999, the Bavarian start-up rose from a company piping cash to porn and gambling sites to a respectable electronic payments provider that edged traditional lender Commerzbank out of the DAX 30 index.

Once held up as an example of an innovative, nimble company outsmarting lumbering banking giants at their own game, Wirecard's fall from grace began in January 2019 when questions emerged about accounting irregularities in its Asian division.

The Financial Times in particular flagged the issues in a series of articles.But the company in turn accused the FT of colluding with speculators to drive down their shares.

At one point, prosecutors in Munich even launched an investigation against one of the FT's journalists.

But the allegations persisted, leaving Wirecard's stocks on a rollercoaster ride for several months.

Final nail

The final nail in the coffin came last Thursday when auditors Ernst & Young said they were unable to find 1.9 billion euros of cash in the company's accounts.

The missing cash makes up a quarter of the balance sheet. 

The sum was held to cover risks in trading supposedly carried out by third parties on Wirecard's behalf and was meant to be sitting in trustee accounts at two Philippine banks.

But the Philippines' central bank said the cash never entered its monetary system and both Asian banks, BDO and BPI, denied having a relationship with Wirecard.

Wirecard, which employs nearly 6,000 people, admitted on Monday that the funds likely "do not exist".

The group's former CEO Braun, an Austrian computer scientist, turned himself in that evening before being bailed for five million euros the following day.

Prosecutors believe Braun artificially "inflated" the company's assets and revenues through "fake transactions with so-called third party acquirers in order to make the company seem financially stronger and more attractive to investors and customers".

The scandal has stunned Germany and comes at a time when Europe's biggest economy is already grappling with the deepest recession since World War II because of the coronavirus pandemic.

German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier has called for a thorough investigation and warned that the controversy could erode confidence in the country's finance sector.

Banking supervision chief Feliz Hufeld has admitted that the watchdog Bafin "had not been effective enough to prevent something like this from happening".